# Linear Regression Interview Questions – Part 2

In the previous post, you saw some common interview questions asked on linear regression. The questions in that segment were mostly related to the essence of linear regression and focused on general concepts related to linear regression. This section extensively covers the common interview questions asked related to the concepts learnt in multiple linear regression.

Q1. What is Multicollinearity? How does it affect the linear regression? How can you deal with it?

Multicollinearity occurs when some of the independent variables are highly correlated (positively or negatively) with each other. This multicollinearity causes a problem as it is against the basic assumption of linear regression. The presence of multicollinearity does not affect the predictive capability of the model. So, if you just want predictions, the presence of multicollinearity does not affect your output. However, if you want to draw some insights from the model and apply them in, let’s say, some business model, it may cause problems.

# Linear Regression Interview Questions – Part 1

It is a common practice to test data science aspirants on linear regression as it is the first algorithm that almost everyone studies in Data Science/Machine Learning. Aspirants are expected to possess an in-depth knowledge of these algorithms. We consulted hiring managers and data scientists from various organisations to know about the typical Linear Regression questions which they ask in an interview. Based on their extensive feedback a set of question and answers were prepared to help students in their conversations.

Q1. What is linear regression?

In simple terms, linear regression is a method of finding the best straight line fitting to the given data, i.e. finding the best linear relationship between the independent and dependent variables.

# Logistic Regression Interview Questions – Part 3

Q1. What is accuracy?
Accuracy is the number of correct predictions out of all predictions made.

Accuracy=True Positives+True NegativesTotal Number of Predictions

Q2. Why is accuracy not a good measure for classification problems?
Accuracy is not a good measure for classification problems because it gives equal importance to both false positives and false negatives. However, this may not be the case in most business problems. For example, in the case of cancer prediction, declaring cancer as benign is more serious than wrongly informing the patient that he is suffering from cancer. Accuracy gives equal importance to both cases and cannot differentiate between them.

# Logistic Regression Interview Questions – Part 2

Q1. What is the Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE)?
The MLE chooses those sets of unknown parameters (estimator) that maximise the likelihood function. The method to find the MLE is to use calculus and setting the derivative of the logistic function with respect to an unknown parameter to zero, and solving it will give the MLE. For a binomial model, this will be easy, but for a logistic model, the calculations are complex. Computer programs are used for deriving MLE for logistic models.

(Here’s another approach to answering the question.)